What is autism?
October 28, 2006
Autism is a brain
disorder in which normal social interaction is
difficult or impossible. Most experts say they
believe it results from an interplay of genes and
unknown environmental factors:
• During the 2000-2001
school year, the State Department of Education
reported serving 973 students with autism. State
officials have estimated there are more than 3,000
students with autism.
• At least 425,000
Americans younger than 18 have some form of autism,
including 114,000 children younger than 5.
• Prevalence rates are
the same for black children and white children.
• Autism is four times
more common in boys than in girls.
What is Applied
This treatment is
based on the theory that behavior rewarded is more
likely to be repeated than behavior ignored. It
focuses on giving the child short simple tasks that
are rewarded when successfully completed.
Department of Disabilities and Special Needs
Advocacy for People with Disabilities Inc.
for Disease Control and Prevention; S.C. Department